Creative and Mental Growth, 3rd Edition [Viktor Lowenfeld] on * FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Creative and Mental Growth has 48 ratings and 1 review. Children are the essence of this book, but more than that, they are the essence of society. Creat. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Creative and mental growth / [by]Viktor Lowenfeld | Incluye bibliografía }.

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This is one of the very intrinsic factors of creative expression. Sometimes, then, a big motion on a big sheet of paper means almost the same as traveling or running on the paper to the child.

Creative and Mental Growth

Customers who viewed this item also viewed. There are also many levels of creative performance, from the mere drawing of a line following vuktor directions of the teacher, to the complex integrated compo- sition that is done spontaneously.

The explanation of this fact seemingly lies in the nature of the more complex expression of art. Yet it has also been shown how such an integrative process may have its starting point in correlating different subjects.

More children ceative beyond the given boundaries of objects in coloring books than of objects they draw themselves. In fact, they become so dependent upon it that they can no longer enjoy their freedom.

Children are the essence of this book, but more than that, they are the essence of society. Integration does not occur from the outside; integration is not “made” by “assembling” two subjects; integration happens from within.

How would wood “feel” when covered with paint. Johnny is weaker than Bob; he can never show his dislike directly, but in his drawing he can. It is needless to say that such procedures are in complete disagree- ment with democratic methods of learning, for they completely neglect individual expression.


This is still more true for experiences that are not directly drawn from the child’s own life or are even vicarious. It is a false security into which she escapes whenever she cannot do justice to a situation.

Some children cannot think of “something” because they either lack sensitive relationships to meaningful experiences or their minds are blocked and go around in circles. Virginia, for instance, cannot express herself as flexibly as Johnny. Too early specialization, especially on the upper levels of education, has prevented the child’s integrated growth and has made man one-track-minded.

Explore the Home Gift Guide. We fail to distinguish between conscious appreciation of former styles or even sentimental adherence to meaningful objects, and unaware acceptance of traditional patterns.

Read more Read less. For example, if we think that a line is something living, it may move, it may live in friendship with another line, it may go visiting certain places, it may become excited, jump up and down, it may be quiet and calm, it may be aimlessly wander- ing about, or it may be “on business,” going directly to a predestined place.

McDonald rated it really liked it Feb 21, Instead of talking of skills or design characteristics, lkwenfeld would then be more justified in talking about the behavior of materials and elements of design under various conditions. Imitation in learning a language is used with the aim of expressing oneself and communicating with others.

Creative and Mental Growth – Viktor Lowenfeld, William Lambert Brittain – Google Books

When the Cathedral of Florence was built, one of the most modern architects of that time was ajd, and Giotto began the famous campanile, which later was continued by Pisano. What are the single elements to be integrated in a creative experi- ence?

It is the job of the teacher to know and introduce the appropriate materials at a time when the child is most ready to use them in relation to his growth and free art expression. This can happen if art education is applied improperly and if a child is urged to do something not appropriate to his development, or even if the child’s work is criticized in a way that is not adjusted to the level of his ability to understand.


She cannot meet new situations, as Johnny can. The child not having another means to determine the importance of the object would first become aware of the “inadequacy” of his expression, would then lose confidence in his own experiences, and might finally start to measure proportions rigidly until blocked in his The Importance of Creative Activity in Elementary Education 27 further development.

The child does not differentiate in his desire for self-identification with creative activity and with history, for example. If we experience the vastness of the sea with an underlying feeling of loneliness, all by ourselves, it is not the same as if vkktor were ac- companied by the noise of countless people happily splashing in the on- coming waves.

Creative and intellectual growth are the basis of any educational system, and it is the hope that this book can contribute to an understanding of the importance of this area so as to make the education of children a joyful and meaningful experience. Of course, as he grows, these relationships will change. Creatove until a good factual preparation can be obtained before taking action, or stop- ping children from creating until they know enough about the subject to act intelligently, may inhibit action rather than promote action.